The Indonesian government has adopted tourism policy as a leading sector. 10 (ten) priority tourism destinations have been established - 10 New Bali - one of them is Borobudur, Yogyakarta and Prambanan. To develop these priority destinations, an Integrated Tourism Master Plan (RIPT) was prepared. RIPT-Borobudur, Yogyakarta and Prambanan are planning documents to guide the coordination of stakeholders in developing sustainable tourism of Borobudur, Yogyakarta and Prambanan by considering the 10A principle of tourism.
RIPT-Borobudur, Yogyakarta, and Prambanan were prepared through stages involving stakeholders to conduct a series of analyzes of the conditions and challenges of tourism development in Borobudur, Yogyakarta and Prambanan.
Borobudur, Yogyakarta and Prambanan Priority tourism destinations cover 7 (seven) districts in 3 (three) districts and 1 (one) city in Central Java Province and Yogyakarta Special Region Province, namely Tempuran District (Magelang District), Mertoyudan District (Magelang Regency), Muntilan District (Magelang Regency), Borobudur District (Magelang Regency), Mungkid District (Magelang Regency), Prambanan District (Sleman Regency), Prambanan District (Klaten Regency) and Yogyakarta City. Of the 7 (seven) districts and 1 (one) City of Yogyakarta, not all are selected as Key Tourism Areas (KTA) to be the focus of development in the first 5 (five) years, as for the regions that are Key Tourism Areas (KTA) of Borobudur, Yogyakarta, and Prambanan namely: Borobudur District (Magelang), Mungkid District (Magelang), Prambanan District (Sleman), Prambanan District (Klaten), Kraton District (Yogyakarta), Gedongtengen District (Yogyakarta), Danurejan District (Yogyakarta), Ngampil District (Yogyakarta) , Kotagede District (Yogyakarta), Gondomanan District (Yogyakarta). The development of the three KTAs in 10 sub-districts is expected to be a lever for tourism development in Borobudur, Yogyakarta and Prambanan.
Problems and challenges in the development of tourism in Borobudur, Yogyakarta and Prambanan include: tourism products offered are limited, relying too heavily on cultural tourism, overtourism in the Borobudur World Heritage Site complex, low appreciation of the preservation of cultural heritage and economic heritage values, over-reliance domestic market, low international standards for attractiveness and interpretation, poor access in terms of expected arrival volumes, inadequate service infrastructure, deteriorating environmental conditions, including air pollution and depletion of groundwater, weak local community capacity to take advantage of economic opportunities, in part through skills and training gaps, weak legal framework and enforcement, and inadequate coordination and planning.
Borobudur, Yogyakarta and Prambanan areas will be developed with the vision "Borobudur-Yogyakarta-Prambanan is the cultural and tourism Heart of Java, with diversified attractions and strengths that create a sustainable, resilient and world-class destination". This vision is a guiding principle for Borobudur Yogyakarta Prambanan to become a world-class tourism destination, known both in the international market and in Indonesia for its rich and unique culture and heritage including the UNESCO World Heritage Site Borobudur and Prambanan, the historic city of Yogyakarta, its breathtaking scenery and the hospitality of its inhabitants.
In 2045 based on the "Business as Usual" scenario the total number of foreign and domestic tourist arrivals to Borobudur, Yogyakarta and Prambanan are projected to be 19,321,800 people, whereas based on the "Best Case" scenario the total number of foreign and domestic tourist visits to Borobudur, Yogyakarta and Prambanan is projected to be 19,321,800 people. of 23,584,990 lives, an increase from 13,391,084 lives in 2018. This growth is expected to increase economic benefits in the form of tourism sector revenues by USD 3.92 million in the business as usual scenario and USD 5,468 million in the base case scenario and employment in the amount of 256,351 in the business scenario as usual and 411,573 in the base case scenario in 2045.
Tourism development strategies outline there are three Growth Options that offer different approaches to tourism development in BYP and Joglosemar. The three scenarios are: first the "Concentrated" scenario offers a strategy to continue the majority of existing tourism products. Improvements in the field of transportation will be made, and there will be several investment interventions related to tourism specifically located at or near core attractions. In this option Yogyakarta will remain the dominant tourism destination in the BYP region with a limited number of sub-centers, especially YIA, Borobudur KTA, Prambanan KTA and DIY South Coast. Both scenarios are "Dispersed" to form a more balanced tourism engine for the wider region, focusing mainly on DI Yogyakarta and the central to southern parts of Central Java. Infrastructure improvements will be made, and limited product diversification will foster additional groups of visitor attractions around the main tourist attractions, playing with the strength of existing cultural resources. The three "Deconcentrated" scenarios that propose that BYP should form a core for a far wider range of 'Java Tourism' products. this scenario will focus more on a wider area of ??Joglosemar, including Solo / Sangiran, Merapi / Merbabu, Wonosari / Gunung Sewu, Ambarawa / Salatiga, Dieng Plateau, Semarang, Karimunjawa as a companion for Borobudur, Prambanan, beaches in DIY, and YIA Aeropolis.
The direction of the policies and strategies for developing tourism in Borobudur, Yogyakarta and Prambanan are:
Through policies, strategies, and action plans in RIPT, Borobudur, Yogyakarta, and Prambanan are projected to become world-class tourist destinations that have an impact on regional progress and people's welfare.